Intercultural Communication: from Distinction to Inclusion
 
Więcej
Ukryj
1
Vasyl’ Stus Donetsk National University (Ukraine, Vinnytsia)
Data publikacji: 01-03-2019
Data nadesłania: 12-09-2018
Data ostatniej rewizji: 22-11-2018
Data akceptacji: 14-01-2019
 
Intercultural Communication 2019;6(1):189–212
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
DZIEDZINY
STRESZCZENIE ARTYKUŁU
Introduction:
The article is devoted to the study of the mechanisms of intercultural interaction and topological configuration of transition from the home world to the world of another culture. Intercultural communication is regarded as a complex of communicative ties with cultural environment, contextual phenomena that influences the change in the content and boundaries of communicative interaction. It challenges meeting with unfamiliar cultural behaviors, manifestations of the Other.

Рurpose:
Creation of a topological scheme for the exclusion/inclusion of a migrant-communicant from/to a new cultural environment, based on the experience of internal immigrants in Ukraine.

Material and methods:
The main method of obtaining data for an article is the method of collecting and analyzing information from open sources, including reports from all-Ukrainian sociological surveys, materials of research on world migration, intercultural experience. The material has also been collected through the inclusive observations of the author beeing a representative of the internal immigrants social group, a teacher of the university, who was evacuated from the conflict zone, a direct witness of events.

Results:
It has been established that the traumatism of the socio-cultural transition affects communicant relations with the new environment. The introduction of a communicant to another cultural environment can take place in several topological variants: public inclusion, inclusion in the home world of the diaspora, integration into the host community, differentiated positive or negative inclusion, exclusion from the world of a new culture.

Conclusions:
The topology of inclusion/exclusion leads to defining and understanding of complex configuration of the intersection and mixing of the variants of the interaction of the migrant with the domestic and new cultures during the period of acculturation. The research has confirmed the hypothesis that the most desirable for the settlers of the Donbas is the integration strategy. For the majority of communicants-settlers a high degree of adaptive inclination is a characteristic, which is explained by the commonality of civic identity with the inhabitants of the regions of arrival, the influence of the value choice on the decision to resettlement, the knowledge of the Ukrainian language, readiness for professional and everyday integration.

 
REFERENCJE (15)
1.
Clarke, L. How expats cope with losing their identity. Web site: BBC Capital. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 5.12. 2017 from: http://www.bbc.com/capital/sto....
 
2.
Derrida, Zh. (1999). Differanse [Differance]. in: Gurko Ye. Teksty dekonstruktsii [Texts of deconstruction]. Tomsk: Vodoley, 160 p. (in Russian).
 
3.
Doklad Verkhovnogo Komissara OON po delam bezhentsev za period s 1 iyulya 2016 g. po 30 iyunya 2017 g. [Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Part I – Covering the period 1 July 2016 – 30 June 2017]. (2017). Retrieved 10.10.2018 from: http://www.refworld.org/cgi-bi.... (in Russian).
 
4.
Husserl, E. (1973). Zur Phaenomenologie der Intersubjectivitaet. Hrsg. Von I. Kern. Dritter Teil I. Bd. XV. Haag: Nijhoff, 741 s.
 
5.
Husserl, E. (2002). Kryza yevropeyskykh nauk: transtsendentalna fenomenolohiya. Vstup do fenomenolohichnoyi filosofiyi [The Crisis of European Sciences: Transcendental Phenomenology. Introduction to phenomenological philosophy]. in: Filosofska dumka. Kyiv. No. 3, pp. 134-149. (in Ukrainian).
 
6.
Kostina, I.N. (2009). Osobennosti kul'turnoy identifikatsii predstaviteley turetskoy diaspory v Germanii [Features of the cultural identification of representatives of the Turkish diaspora in Germany]. Izvestiya VGPU. Kul'turologiya, pp. 29-33. (in Russian).
 
7.
Luman, N. (2004). Obshchestvo kak sotsialnaya Sistema [Society as a social system]. Moscow: Logos, 232 p. (in Russian).
 
8.
Novikova, O.F., Amosha, O.I., Antonyuk, V.P. (2016). Vnutrishnʹo peremishcheni osoby: vid podolannya pereshkod do stratehiyi uspikhu [Internally displaced persons: from overcoming obstacles to a strategy of success]. Kyiv: IEP NAN Ukrayiny, 448 p. (in Ukrainian).
 
9.
Palaguta, V.I. (2010). Samoidentifikatsiya sotsialnogo subyekta v diskursivnykh prostranstvakh [Self-identification of a social subject in discursive spaces]. Dnepropetrovsk: Innovatsiya, 440 p. (in Russian).
 
10.
Saussure, F. de. (1999). Kurs obshchey lingvistiki [Course of general linguistics]. Yekaterinburg: Izd-vo Uralskogo universiteta, 432 p. (in Russian).
 
11.
Schutz, A. (1970). The Homecomer. in: On Phenomenology and Social Relation. Chicago: The Univ. of Chicago Press, рр. 294-308.
 
12.
Uslucan, H-H. (2017). Türkeistämmige in Deutschland. Heimatlos oder überall zuhause? Webplattform: Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte. Zugangsdatum 12.09.2018. Zugriffsmodushttp: www.bpb.de/apuz/243864/tuerkei....
 
13.
Valdenfels, B. (2004). Topohrafiya Chuzhoho: studiyi do fenomenolohiyi Chuzhoho [Topography of Alien: Studios to the Phenomenology of Alien]. Kyiv: PPS 2002, 206 p. (in Ukrainian).
 
14.
Wehling, H.G. (1982). Zwischen den Stuhlen: die Turken in der Bundesrepublik. Die Turken und die Turken in Deutschland. ed. H.G. Wehling. Stuttgart; Berlin; Kqln; Mainz: Verlag W. Kohlerhammer, 124 s.
 
15.
Zvit za rezulʹtatamy vseukrayinsʹkoho opytuvannya vnutrishnʹo peremishchenykh osib ta meshkantsiv pryymayuchykh hromad [Report on the results of an all-Ukrainian survey of internally displaced persons and residents of host communities]. (2016). Kyiv: Kyivsʹky mizhnarodnyy instytut sotsiolohiyi, 61 p. (in Ukrainian).
 
eISSN:2543-7461
ISSN:2451-0998