Development of Human Capital as a Priority Direction of Socio-Economic Policy of the State
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K. Zhubanov Aktobe Regional State University (Kazakhstan, Aktobe)
Publish date: 2018-09-01
Submission date: 2018-05-22
Acceptance date: 2018-08-21
Intercultural Communication 2018;5(2):249–278
Kazakhstan takes confident steps in the direction of integration into world information space. For example, in 2017 the state program "Digital Kazakhstan" whose implementation will allow development on the basis of experience of the developed countries various digital services, including health care and education was adopted. Therefore, the adopted and realized state programs of strategic nature reflecting both economic and social policy of the state have to be under construction for the development of cross-cultural communications and the international integration that in turn, will give the forward growth of the human capital quality.

Based on the experience of the developed European countries, the article aims at introducing proposals for the educational and health services quality improvement as this will contribute to the qualitative development of human capital in Kazakhstan.

Material and methods:
For the descriptive procedures at the abstract’s theoretical part logical method has been applied; when determining the index of human development dynamics in Kazakhstan, other countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), certain European states the comparative analysis has been carried out; synthesis of foreign experience in formation of social and economic policy of the state has been performed.

The level of development of human capital, combining such components as literacy, health, longevity and the very quality of life, is an indicator of the welfare and prosperity of the country. Kazakhstan's rating on the human development index shows positive growth dynamics, which indicates the available opportunities to enter the group of countries with a very high HDI level. Growth can be ensured by improving education indicators and the health status of the population. For the qualitative growth of human capital in Kazakhstan, along with the implementation of a number of adopted state programs in the field of educational and medical services, it has been proposed to continue strengthening of international educational and scientific ties as forms of intercultural communication that facilitate the exchange of information, traditions, technologies, research; to provide digital literacy to the population of remote villages and settlements; to focus on increasing of the population's literacy in health issues for the effective use of the health system.

Gulnar Kunurkulzhayeva   
Еconomics and management, K.Zhubanov Aktobe Regional State University, A. Moldagulova 2, 030019 Aktobe, Kazakhstan
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