Cognitive Aspects of the Verb Paradigm in the English Literature
 
Więcej
Ukryj
1
National Pedagogical Dragomanov University (Ukraine, Kyiv)
Data publikacji: 01-09-2018
Data nadesłania: 01-04-2018
Data akceptacji: 17-08-2018
 
Intercultural Communication 2018;5(2):27–46
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE:
DZIEDZINY:
STRESZCZENIE ARTYKUŁU:
Introduction:
This article represents the analysis of different aspects of the English verb such as: word building, degree of proximity, functional completeness and word building. This article presents the results of the analysis of the various types of the English ergative verbs, in particular: phrasal verbs, analytic constructions and minor ones. In the article the connections of the paradigmatic elements of the ergative field of the verbs and their syntagmatic features are investigated.

Purpose:
The purpose of this article is to establish the factors that affect the degree of functional closeness of the verbs in functional class and the completeness of their implementation inflectional paradigms, as well as inspection of the functional classification of the verbs and analyze text features of English verbs. The aim of our study is a more detailed study of the ergative verbs in such aspects as syntax and morphology.

Material and methods:
The methodology of this research is the comparative analysis of different linguists’ approaches to analyze the functional classes of English verbs, word building of their form, their degree of proximity and degree of functional completeness of implementation verbal paradigm. Distributive and functional analysis is used to research the degree of completeness and implementation of the verbal paradigms: the number of values morphemic structure, etymology and frequency of the verb usage. The research method is the analysis of the valence of the English ergative verbs semantics, distributive transformation and semantic-syntactic types of the analysis.

Conclusions:
The significance of the functional verb classes’ establishment is the number of realized inflectional forms. The functional classes are represented as a result of the structural word creative verbal paradigms functioning patterns in the literature texts. The functional classes of the English verbs can be characterized by a certain structure. That includes three main components: a core, periphery and intermediate branch. Also, it is important to note that each functional class has a number of levels of the structure. These levels depend on the number of strong, medium and weak links between the verbs and it is called as functional degree of proximity. The functional proximity of the English verbs can be determined by the peculiarities of their functioning, such as the number of realized inflectional forms and its frequency. There are five main types of paradigms. The implementation of the interconnections between the elements within the field of the ergativeness in the English language takes place. These include the following: grammatical, lexical, semantic, nominative, and functional-semantic. Same features are characteristic of the depth ergativeness level of the languages in the ergative typology. These include the actants in the position of the non-transitive sentence subject and the actants of the transient sentence object. They have a patience character. This means that they have semantic-syntactic features of the objectivity and a carrier of the quality and condition.

 
REFERENCJE (31):
1. Adams V. (1973). An Introduction to modern English word-formation. London: Longman. 230 p.
2. Adger D. (2002). Core Syntax. A Minimalist Aproach. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 349 p.
3. Alefirenko N. (2005). Spornyye problemy semantiki. [Controversial problems of semantics]. Moscow: Gnozis, 326 p. (in Russian).
4. Anikina A.B. (2005). Obraznoye slovo v khudozhestvennom i publitsisticheskom proizvedenii: Voprosy stilistiki teksta [The abstract word in the literature text: The questions of the text stylistics]. Moscow, 216 p. (in Russian).
5. Arkhipov I.K. (2000). Tvorchestvo yazykovoy lichnosti, tekst i kontekst. [The art of the speech person, text, context]. Studia Linguistica, vol. 9: Kognitivno-pragmaticheskiye i khudozhestvennyye funktsii yazyka. Saint Petersburg: Trigon, pp. 202-213. (in Russian).
6. Benvenist E. (2010). Obshchaya lingvistika. [General linguistics: translated from French]. Moscow: Knizhnyy dom “Librokom”, 448 p. (in Russian).
7. Bilyns'kyy M. (2003). Shchil'nist' ta zv’yaznist' synonimiky anhliys'koho diyeslova. [The density and connectivity of the English verb synonymy]. Naukovyy visnyk Chernivets'koho universytetu, vol. 155: Hermans'ka filolohiya, pp. 20-31. (in Ukrainian).
8. Chomsky N. (1993) A minimalist program for linguistic theory. The view from Building 20: Essays in linguistics in honor of Sylvain Bromberger. (Hale, Kenneth L. and S. Jay Keyser, eds.). Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, pp. 1–52.
9. Dilay I. (2009). Kontseptual'ne pole kohnityvnykh diyesliv anhliys'koyi movy. [The conceptual field of cognitive English verb]. Mova i kul'tura. Kyiv: Publishing House of Dmitry Burago, No. 11, vol. I(113), pp. 82-85. (in Ukrainian).
10. Il’chuk E. (2001). Nekotoryye tipy vospriyatiya v angliyskoy yazykovoy kartine mira. [Some types of perception in the English language world picture]. Lingvistika na rubezhe epokh: Idei i toposy. Moscow, pp. 28-45. (in Russian).
11. Ionesyan E. (1991). Predikaty neznaniya v logicheskom i argumentirovannom aspekte. [Predicates of ignorance in a logical and reasoned aspect]. Romanskoye yazykoznaniye: Semantika i perevod. Moscow, pp. 82-89. (in Russian).
12. Kiyak T. (1988). Motivirovannost’ leksicheskikh edinits: kolichestvennyye i kachestvennyye kharakteristiki. [Motivation of the lexical units: quantitative and qualitative characteristics]. Lviv, 160 p. (in Russian).
13. Korneyeva E. (2000). Grammatika angliyskogo glagola v teorii i praktike: Vremya, vid, vremennaya sootnesennost’, zalog, nakloneniye. [Grammar of the English verb in theory and practice: Time, form, temporal correlation, pledge, inclination]. Saint Petersburg: Soyuz, 448 p. (in Russian).
14. Kubryakova E. (1965). Chto takoye slovoobrazovaniye [What is word formation]. Moscow, 78 p. (in Russian).
15. Kubryakova E. (1992). Glagoly deystviya cherez ikh kognitivnyye kharakteristiki. [The Verbs of action through their cognitive characteristics]. Moscow: Nauka, pp. 84-90. (in Russian).
16. Kubryakova E.S. (1995). Evolyutsiya lingvisticheskikh idey vo vtoroy polovine XX veka (opyt paradigmal’nogo analiza). Yazyk i nauka kontsa 20 veka [The evolution of the linguistic ideas of the second part of the 20-th century]. Moscow: RAN, pp. 144-238. (in Russian).
17. Lapshina M. (1998). Semanticheskaya evolyutsiya angliyskogo slova. [Semantic evolution of the English word]. Saint Petersburg, 160 p. (in Russian).
18. Levitskiy V. (2003). Statisticheskoye izucheniye leksicheskoy semantiki [Statistical study of lexical semantics]. Movoznavstvo, No. 4, pp. 15-17. (in Russian).
19. Levitskiy V. (2007). Kvantitativnyye metody v lingvistike. [Quantitative methods in linguistics]. Vinnitsa: Nova Kniga, 264 p. (in Russian).
20. Lukashevich E. (2002). Kognitivnaya semantika: evolyutsionno-prognosticheskiy aspekt. [Cognitive semantics: evolutionary-prognostic aspect]. Moscow, Barnaul: Altai State University,234 p. (in Russian).
21. Maslova, V.A. (2004). Cognitive Linguistics. Minsk: TetraSystems. 256 p. Retrieved (27.01.2018) from: https://www.scribd.com/documen... (in Russian).
22. Myeshkov O. (1986). Slovotvorennya v suchasniy anhliys'kiy movi. [Word formation in modern English]. Moscow, 270 p. (in Ukrainian).
23. Nahorna S. (2013). Analiz slovozminnoyi paradyhmy anhliys'koho diyeslova: statystychnyy dosvid. [An analysis of the word-changing paradigm of the English verb: statistical experience]. Mova i kul'tura. No. 16, vol. 4. pp. 183-190. (in Ukrainian).
24. Ohonovs'ka O. (1991). Diyeslivne zamishchennya v anhliys'kiy movi. [Verbal substitution in English]. Lviv: Svit, 128 p. (in Ukrainian).
25. Poutsma H. (1923). The Infinitive, the Gerund and the Participle of the English Verb Text. Groningen, pp. 174-211.
26. Stepanov Y.S. (1990). Yazyk khudozhestvennoy literatury. Lingvisticheskiy entsiklopedicheskiy slovar’. Moscow: Sovetskaya entsiklopediya, pp. 608-609. (in Russian).
27. Turayeva Z.Y. (1974). Vidovremennyye formy angliyskogo glagola i ikh rol’ v sozdanii khudozhestvennogo vremeni. [The Tenses of the English verb and their role in the literature time creation]. Strukturnyye svoystva edinits razlichnykh urovney yazyka. Saint Petersburg: LGPI im. A.I. Gertsena, pp. 3-88. (in Russian).
28. Turayeva Z.Y. (1989). Semantika khudozhestvennogo teksta i modal’nost’. [The literature text semantics and the modality]. Tekst i sententsional’nyy uroven’ stilisticheskogo analiza. Saint Petersburg: LGPI im. A.I. Gertsena, pp. 93-103. (in Russian).
29. Vorontsova T.I. (2000). O tekste. [About the text]. Studia Linguistica, vol. 9: Kognitivno-pragmaticheskiye i khudozhestvennyye funktsii yazyka. Saint Petersburg: Trigon, pp. 151-158. (in Russian).
30. Vygotskiy L. (1999). Myshleniye i rech’. [Thinking and speaking]. Moscow, 351 p. (in Russian).
31. Zaliznyak A. (2006). Mnogoznachnost’ v yazyke i sposoby eyë predstavleniya. [Multivaluedness in the language and ways to represent it]. Moscow: Yazyki slavyanskikh kul’tur, 672 p. (in Russian).
eISSN:2543-7461
ISSN:2451-0998